Fibroid is medically defined as muscular tumors that grow on the walls of the uterus. They are usually non cancerous and vary in size. The growths can be multiple and in different regions of the uterus. To date, there is no identified cause of fibroids and scientist only associate it with some theories that have association.
With no identifiable cause this means there is no way to prevent it therefore it is important that every woman understands the real facts behind this condition.
- It can cause infertility –fibroid affects the uterus which is responsible for housing the fetus during pregnancy. Large fibroids can cause diminished uterine space that can result into no implantation leading to infertility. However some pregnancies can coexist with fibroids but
proper follow up is needed for better outcomes. Considering complications like slow labor, breech delivery, early placenta detachment and preterm birth may occur.
- Black women are at a higher risk than white women-fibroids affect more black women than white women. Currently it is estimated that fifty percent of all black women have a fibroid of a significant size. But a physician cannot predict if the fibroid will continue to grow or will cause symptoms.
- Common as you age –the condition is age related and mostly affects women in their 30s and 40s but they could also go post menopause. Their growth may also start in your 20s but rarely have any significant growths.
- Family history is a great risk – you are at greater risk of developing uterine fibroids if your mother had the same. Actually your risk is three times greater than average.
- Not all fibroids require treatment- fibroids are non cancerous growths of various sizes on the uterus. Symptoms come depending on the size therefore if the fibroid does not show any symptoms or does not interfere with your normal life then observation without treatment is all you need.
- Fibroids can be treated –treatment can be surgically or conventional depending on the size and symptoms. However surgical intervention has the best prognosis as sometimes it involve the whole uterus removal or partial removal.
- It is easy to diagnose –current technology makes diagnosis of fibroids easy. Investigations like ultra sound, MRI and CT scan can easily diagnose fibroids and also help in monitoring growth